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Wednesday, April 17, 2013

Mengubah Kalimat Aktif Menjadi Pasif dalam 16 Tenses #1

Cara mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi pasif itu tidak sulit. Tinggal letakan saja objek dalam kalimat aktifnya yang biasanya ada di akhit kalimat menjadi di awal kalimat. Selai itu, 1 hal yang harus kalian ingat adalah kata kerja utama yang ada di kalimat aktif harus diubah menjadi bentuk ketiga dan didahului dengan to be. KATA KERJA BENTUK TIGA (past participle) tersebut pada kalimat pasif tidak akan berubah, tidak peduli dalam tense apa kalimat pasif tersebut.
V1 / V2 / V3 => tobe + V3
Misalkan : eat menjadi is/are eaten
Setelah kalian ingat dengan hal di atas, maka langkah kedua kalian harus memperhatikan tense dari kalimat yang ingin kalian ubah ke pasif. Berikut cara mengubah kalimat aktif ke pasif dalam 16 tense bahasa Inggris :

  1. Present
1.      Simple Present
Aktif :  S + V1 + O
Pasif : O + tobe + V3
Contoh
a.       I eat that cake. =>  That cake is eatean (by me).
b.      She breaks the vase. => The vase is broken (by her).

*kata dalam kurung boleh digunakan atau tidak.

2.      Present Future
Aktif : S + will + V1 + O
Pasif : O + Will + be + V3
Contoh :
a.       I will do the homework. => The homework will be done (by me).
b.      My boss will accept my plan. => My plan will be accepted (by my boss).

3.      Present Perfect
Aktif : S + Have/Has + V3 + O
Pasif : O + Have/Has + been + V3
Contoh :
a.       You have taken the pencil. => The pencil has been taken (by you).
b.      He has written a letter. => A letter has been written (by him).

4.      Present Continuous
Aktif : S + tobe + V-ing + O
Pasif : O + tobe + being + V3
Contoh :
a.       They are destroying that big building. => That big building is being destroyed.
b.      He is eating a huge cake. => A huge cake is being eaten.

5.      Present Future Perfect
Aktif : S + Will + Have + V3 + O
Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + V3
Contoh :
a.       We will have finished all the tasks. => All the tasks will have been finished (by us).
b.      Next month, he will have finished his paper. => Next month, his paper will have been finished (by him).

6.      Present Future Continuous
Aktif : S + Will + Have + been + V-ing
Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + being + V3
Contoh :
a.       I will have been cooking the dinner soon. => The dinner will have been being cooked soon (by me).
b.      I’m sure my boss will have been firing me. => I’m sure I will have been being fired (by my boss).
 
7.      Present Perfect Continuous
Aktif : S + Have/Has + been + V-ing + O
Pasif : O + Have/Has + been + being + V3
Contoh :
1.      I have been fixing your phone. => Your phone has been being fixed (by me).
2.      She has been eating all cakes. => All cakes have been being eaten (by her).

8.      Present Future Perfect Continuous
Aktif : S + Will + Have + been + V-ing + O
Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + being + V3
Contoh :
1.      They will have been killing me. => I will have been being killed (by them).
2.      She will have been telling me the truth. => The truth will have been being told (by her).

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